6165con登录平台

欢迎光临山汽集团企业官网!
400-879-1999
在线购机
点击拨打服务热线:400-879-1999
1、忌机油只加不换
1. Avoid only adding oil without changing it
机油在柴油机的使用中是必不可少的,主要作用是润滑、冷却、清洁等。因此,很多小型混凝土搅拌车驾驶员都会注意检查润滑油的油量,且按标准添加,但是却忽略了润滑油质量的检查和对已经变质机油的及时更换,而导致一些发动机的运动机件总是在较差的润滑环境中运转,加速了各机件的磨损。一般在正常情况下机油的损耗并不是很大,但是却极容易产生污染,而失去保护柴油机的作用。
Engine oil is essential in the use of diesel engine. Its main functions are lubrication, cooling, cleaning and so on. Therefore, many small concrete mixer drivers pay attention to check the oil quantity of lubricating oil and add it according to the standard, but ignore the inspection of lubricating oil quality and the timely replacement of deteriorated oil, resulting in some moving parts of the engine always operate in a poor lubrication environment, accelerating the wear of various parts. Generally, under normal circumstances, the loss of engine oil is not very large, but it is very easy to produce pollution and lose the role of protecting diesel engine.
在柴油机运转的过程中,许多污物(燃油不完全燃烧而生成的碳烟、积炭和积垢等)都会进入到机油中。对于新的或大修后的机械,试运转后杂质就会更多,如果只加不换就投入使用,容易引起烧瓦、抱轴等意外事故。另外,即使更换了机油,某些驾驶员由于缺乏维修经验或图省事,也会在更换时不彻底清洗油道,使机械杂质残留在油底壳及油路中。
During the operation of the diesel engine, a lot of dirt (soot, carbon and dirt generated by incomplete combustion of fuel) will enter the engine oil. For new or overhauled machinery, there will be more impurities after commissioning. If it is put into use without replacement, it is easy to cause accidents such as tile burning and shaft holding. In addition, even if the engine oil is changed, some drivers will not thoroughly clean the oil passage during replacement due to lack of maintenance experience or easy work, so that mechanical impurities remain in the oil pan and oil circuit.
2、混凝土商砼车忌缸套和活塞新品不经选配即安装
2. It is forbidden to install new cylinder liners and pistons without selection
在换装汽缸套和活塞时,认为新的汽缸套和活塞都是标准件,具有互换性,装上去就能使用了。而实际上,汽缸套与活塞的尺寸都是有一定的公差范围。如把最大尺寸的汽缸套配上最小尺寸的活塞,会使配合间隙太大,造成压缩无力,而启动困难。
 6165con登录平台
When replacing the cylinder liner and piston, it is considered that the new cylinder liner and piston are standard parts with interchangeability, which can be used after installation. In fact, the dimensions of cylinder liner and piston have a certain tolerance range. If the cylinder liner with the largest size is equipped with the piston with the smallest size, the matching clearance will be too large, resulting in weak compression and difficult starting.
因此,小型混凝土搅拌车在换装前一定要检查标准缸套与活塞的尺寸分组代号,装用的缸套与活塞必须使标准活塞的尺寸分组代号与标准缸套的尺寸分组代号一样,这样才能保证两者之间具有标准的配合间隙。另外,各缸装用同一分组代号的缸套和活塞时,要注意装前检验缸塞间隙,为了保证装配标准,在装机前应再进行一次检验,以防装上了假冒伪劣的残次产品。
Therefore, before the replacement of small concrete mixer truck, the size grouping code of standard cylinder liner and piston must be checked. The installed cylinder liner and piston must make the size grouping code of standard piston the same as that of standard cylinder liner, so as to ensure that there is a standard fit gap between them. In addition, when each cylinder is equipped with cylinder liners and pistons with the same group code, pay attention to check the cylinder plug clearance before installation. In order to ensure the assembly standard, another inspection shall be carried out before installation to prevent fake and inferior defective products from being installed.
3水泥运输车忌不检查柱塞行程余量
3. Do not check the plunger stroke allowance of cement truck
在柱塞式喷油泵的调试过程中,有很多维修人员不注意检查柱塞的行程余量。所谓柱塞的行程余量,就是指柱塞被凸轮轴上的凸轮顶至上止点后,能继续上行的移动量。调好小型混凝土搅拌车的供油开始时间后,之所以要检查行程余量,是因为柱塞的行程余量与柱塞和套筒的磨损有关。柱塞与套筒磨损之后,柱塞要往上多运动一段后才能开始供油,使供油开始时间推迟。当拧出调整螺栓或换用较厚的调整垫块、垫片之后,柱塞的最低位置就会上移,使柱塞的行程余量减小。
During the commissioning of plunger fuel injection pump, many maintenance personnel do not pay attention to checking the stroke allowance of plunger. The so-called stroke margin of the plunger refers to the amount of upward movement of the plunger after it is pushed to the top dead center by the cam on the camshaft. After adjusting the oil supply start time of the small concrete mixer, the reason to check the travel allowance is that the travel allowance of the plunger is related to the wear of the plunger and sleeve. After the plunger and sleeve are worn, the plunger can start oil supply only after it moves upward for a long time, delaying the start time of oil supply. When the adjusting bolt is screwed out or the thicker adjusting cushion block and gasket are replaced, the lowest position of the plunger will move up, reducing the stroke allowance of the plunger.
因此,在维修调试喷油泵时,首先就应当检查此行程余量,用以判定喷油泵是否还允许调整。检查时,要根据喷油泵的不同结构而采用下而不同方法:a)转动凸轮轴,把柱塞顶至上止点后,拆下出油阀及阀座,并用深度游标尺测量。b)柱塞被顶至上止点后,用螺丝刀撬起柱塞弹簧的弹簧座,使柱塞上升至最高点。然后再用厚薄规插入柱塞下平面与挺杆调整螺栓之间进行测量。柱塞的标准行程余量大约为1.5mm,磨损后的到极限行程余量应不小于0.5mm。
Therefore, when maintaining and debugging the fuel injection pump, first check the stroke margin to determine whether the fuel injection pump is still allowed to be adjusted. During inspection, different methods shall be adopted according to different structures of the fuel injection pump: a) rotate the camshaft, push the plunger to the top dead center, remove the oil outlet valve and valve seat, and measure with a depth vernier. b) After the plunger is pushed to the top dead center, pry up the spring seat of the plunger spring with a screwdriver to raise the plunger to the highest point. Then insert a thickness gauge between the lower plane of the plunger and the tappet adjusting bolt for measurement. The standard stroke allowance of the plunger is about 1.5mm, and the limit stroke allowance after wear shall not be less than 0.5mm.
上一页:混凝土设备投资前需掌握的情况 下一页:这两天雨季要如何保养搅拌车?
热门产品 / HOT PRODUCT
1.2方全自动搅拌车
推荐产品

1.2方全自动搅拌车

4吨A后尾
推荐产品

4吨A后尾

3.5方A款6165con登录平台
推荐产品

3.5方A款6165con登录平台

3.5方C款6165con登录平台
推荐产品

3.5方C款6165con登录平台

3.5吨B款正侧
推荐产品

3.5吨B款正侧

4.0方6165con登录平台
推荐产品

4.0方6165con登录平台

1.8方6165con登录平台
推荐产品

1.8方6165con登录平台

4吨B后侧
推荐产品

4吨B后侧

4.0方6165con登录平台
推荐产品

4.0方6165con登录平台

倾翻上抓
推荐产品

倾翻上抓

3.5吨A正侧
推荐产品

3.5吨A正侧

3.5方A款6165con登录平台
推荐产品

3.5方A款6165con登录平台

超宽1.8米挡货架
推荐产品

超宽1.8米挡货架

3.5吨地下室斜前
推荐产品

3.5吨地下室斜前

4吨A斜前
推荐产品

4吨A斜前

4吨B斜前
推荐产品

4吨B斜前

1.2方平口搅拌车
推荐产品

1.2方平口搅拌车

1.8方6165con登录平台
推荐产品

1.8方6165con登录平台

3.5吨C款后侧
推荐产品

3.5吨C款后侧

1.2方6165con登录平台
推荐产品

1.2方6165con登录平台

资讯推荐 / NEWS RECOMMEND ATIONS